Publishing Ethics of Al-Ameed Journal for Medical Research and Health Sciences (AJMRHS)

The Al-Ameed Journal for Medical Research and Health Sciences (AJMRHS) and its editorial board fully adhere and comply to the policies and principles of Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

AJMRHS accepts wide range of articles; original articles, review articles, case reports, evidence-based practices, randomized controlled trials, and interdisciplinary articles on the aspect of medical and health issues.

AJMRHS requires all journal submissions to adhere to the highest of ethical standards and best practices in publishing. All writing and research submitted to AJMRHS is expected to present accurate information and to properly cite all content referenced from other materials. Submitted articles should not have been previously published, nor be forthcoming in an archival journal or book (print or electronic). In addition, by submitting material to AJMRHS, the author is stipulating that the material is not currently under review at another journal (electronic or print) and that he or she will not submit the material to another journal (electronic or print) until the completion of the editorial decision process at AJMRHS.


Submissions containing plagiarism in whole or part, duplicate and redundant publication or self-plagiarism will be desk rejected. Corresponding author is responsible for the manuscript through and after the evaluation and publication process with the authority to act on behalf of all co-authors. It is also unacceptable to submit manuscripts to AJMRHS that have previously been published anywhere in any language.

Duties of Authors

  • Originality and Plagiarism - All manuscripts must be the original work of authors.
  • Authorship of the Paper - Authorship of a manuscript should be limited to authors who have made significant contributions. Change in authorship is not permitted after the initial submission.
  • Multiple, redundant or concurrent publication - Authors must not submit the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently.
  • Acknowledgement of sources - Authors must properly and accurately acknowledge the work of others.
  • Disclosure and Conflicts of interest and financial support - authors should disclose any financial or other substantive conflicts of interest that might influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript and acknowledge individuals or organizations that have provided financial support for research.
  • Data access and retention - Authors may be asked to provide the raw data in connection with manuscripts for editorial review, and should be prepared to provide public access to such data if possible.
  • The submitting corresponding author is responsible for ensuring that the manuscript article's publication has been approved by all the other coauthors.
  • All authors have agreed to allow the corresponding author to serve as the correspondent with the editorial office, to review the edited manuscript and proof.
  • Duties of Editors

  • Publication Decisions - Editors are responsible for deciding which of the manuscripts submitted to the journal should be rejected, reviewed, or published.
  • Fair play - Editors should ensure the integrity of the publication review process. Editors should not reveal either the identity of authors of manuscripts to the reviewers or the identity of reviewers to authors.
  • Confidentiality - Editors must treat received manuscripts for review as confidential documents and must not disclose any information about submitted manuscripts to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher.
  • Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest - Editors and any editorial staff must not use materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript (published or unpublished) for their own research without the author’s written authorization.
  • Investigations – Editors shall conduct a proper and fair investigation into ethical complaints.
  • Editors should seek assurances that the research they publish has been approved by an appropriate body (e.g., research ethics committee, institutional review board) where one exists. Editors should be alert to intellectual property issues and work with their publisher to handle potential breaches of laws and conventions. Errors, inaccurate, or misleading statements must be corrected promptly and with due prominence.
  • Duties of Reviewers

  • Confidentiality - Reviewers should keep all information regarding papers confidential.
  • Standards of Objectivity - Reviews should be conducted objectively, with no personal criticism of the author.
  • Contribution to Editorial Decision - Reviewers should express their views clearly with supporting arguments and recommendations.
  • Promptness - Reviewers should complete their reviews within a specified timeframe.
  • Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest - Reviewers should not review manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers.
  • Reporting possible research misconducts.
  • Ensuring that the manuscript is of high quality and original research.
  • Studies in Humans and Animals

    All original research papers involving humans, animals, and biological material must include a written statement under an Ethics Approval section including the following:

  • The name of the ethics committee(s) or institutional review board(s) involved.
  • The number or ID of the ethics approval(s).
  • A statement that human participants have provided informed consent before taking part in the research.
  • Research involving animals must adhere to ethical standards concerning animal welfare. All original research papers involving animals must:
    • Follow international, national, and institutional guidelines for the humane treatment of animals.
    • Receive approval by the ethics review committee at the institution or practice at which the research was conducted and provide details on approval process, names of ethics committee(s) or institutional review board(s) involved, and the number or ID of the ethics approval(s) in the Ethics Approval section.
    • Provide justification for use of animals and the species selected.
    • Provide information about housing, feeding and environmental enrichment, and steps taken to minimize suffering.
    • Provide mode of anesthesia and euthanasia.
  • Research that does not meet the above listed requirements regarding ethical approval and animal welfare will be rejected.

  • Research Involving Humans
  • If the work involves the use of human subjects, the author should ensure that the work described has been carried out in accordance with The Code of Ethics of the World Medical Association (Declaration of Helsinki) for experiments involving humans. The manuscript should be in line with the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals and aim for the inclusion of representative human populations (sex, age and ethnicity) as per those recommendations. The terms sex and gender should be used correctly. Authors should include a statement in the manuscript that informed consent was obtained for experimentation with human subjects. The privacy rights of human subjects must always be observed.

  • Research Involving Animals
  • All animal experiments should comply with the University of Al-Ameed guidelines and these experiments should comply with the ARRIVE guidelines and should be carried out in accordance with the U.K. Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act, 1986 and associated guidelines, EU Directive 2010/63/EU for animal experiments, or the National Research Council's Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals and the authors should clearly indicate in the manuscript that such guidelines have been followed. The sex of animals must be indicated, and where appropriate, the influence (or association) of sex on the results of the study.